# Point to Point Network Topology

This sample was created in ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software using the Computer and Networks solution from Computer and Networks area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.

Example 1. Point to Point Network Topology

This sample shows the Point-to-point network topology.

Network topology is the topological structure of the computer network.

Point-to-point network topology is a simple topology that displays the network of exactly two hosts (computers, servers, switches or routers) connected with a cable. Point-to-point topology is widely used in the computer networking and computer architecture. It is also used in the telecommunications systems when we speak about the communication connection of two nodes or endpoints.

Using the predesigned objects, templates and samples of the Computer and Networks Solution for ConceptDraw PRO you can create your own professional Computer Network Diagrams quick and easy.

The Computer Network Diagrams produced with ConceptDraw PRO are vector graphic documents and are available for reviewing, modifying, and converting to a variety of formats (image, HTML, PDF file, MS PowerPoint Presentation, Adobe Flash or MS Visio).

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### Local area network (LAN). Computer and Network Examples

Computer networks nowadays are spread all across the world. The large number of parameters, such as geographic scale or communication protocols, can divide networks. One of the most common types of networks is called local area network (LAN). It convenient to represent network examples by means of diagrams. This local area network (LAN) diagram provides an easy way to see the way the devices in a local network are interacted. The diagram uses a library containing specific symbols to represent network equipment , media and the end-user devices such as computers (PC, mac, laptop) , network printer, hubs, server and finally a modem. There are two types of network topologies: physical and logical. The current diagram represents precisely a physical type of LAN topology because it refers to the physical layout of a local network equipment.
Picture: Local area network (LAN). Computer and Network Examples
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### Tree Network Topology Diagram

When designing a network, it is important to take into account the hierarchy of network devices. When you have a root device you should consider a tree network topology that might have any number of lower levels as you might need. This technology is based on star and bus network topologies. This is a schematic representation of a Tree computer network topology. A tree topology means that some star networks are linked together. A star network is a topology of the local network where a central workstation is connected with each end-user computer or peripherals. A tree structure means that, the central nodes of these star networks are linked to a main cable (the Bus topology). So, a Tree network topology is a few Star networks connected into a Bus topology. This scheme can be applied to draw the particular physical or logical network diagrams using the ConceptDraw Computer and Networks solution.
Picture: Tree Network Topology Diagram
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### Virtual networks. Computer and Network Examples

A Virtual network is a computer network that consists of virtual network links, i.e. between the computing devices there isn't a physical connection. Well known forms of network virtualization are virtual networks based on the virtual devices (for example the network based on the virtual devices inside a hypervisor), protocol-based virtual networks (VLAN, VPN, VPLS, Virtual Wireless network, etc.) and their combinations. This example was created in ConceptDraw PRO using the Computer and Networks Area of ConceptDraw Solution Park and shows the Virtual network.
Picture: Virtual networks. Computer and Network Examples
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### Star Network Topology

Nodes of any computer network are somehow organized in a hierarchy or a layout. Some of the common layouts like star network topology are more reliable and some like ring topology withstand high loads better. It is also important to distinguish logical topologies from physical. This diagram represents a typical view of the star network topology. The star network topology is one of the most frequently used network topologies in the majority of office and home networks. It is very popular because of its low cost and the easy maintenance. The plus of the star network topology is that if one computer on the local network is downed, this means that only the failed computer can not send or receive data. The other part of the network works normally. The minus of using star network topology is that all computers are connected to a single point-switch, or hub. Thus, if this equipment goes down, the whole local network comes down.
Picture: Star Network Topology
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### Network Glossary Definition

When talking about engineering, one should define all the terms used, so anybody could understand the topic. Typical network glossary contains definitions of numerous network appliances, types of networks and cable systems. The understanding of basic is crucial for server management, network administration and investigating problems. The network glossary defines terms related to networking and communications. The most of glossary items has their visual representation in ConceptDraw PRO libraries of the Computer Network Diagrams solution. This illustration presents a local area network (LAN) diagram. It designed to show the way the interaction of network devices in a local network. The diagram uses a library containing symbols of network equipment, connections and the end-point devices such as network printer, hubs, server, modem and finally computers (PC, mac, laptop). This diagram depicts a physical LAN topology.
Picture: Network Glossary Definition
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### Physical network. Computer and Network Examples

Physical network represents the computer network topology that includes the computer devices, location and cable installation. Physical network includes the actual nodes, segments and hosts. This example was created in ConceptDraw PRO using the Computer and Networks Area of ConceptDraw Solution Park and shows the Physical star network.
Picture: Physical network. Computer and Network Examples
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### Campus Area Networks (CAN). Computer and Network Examples

If we divide computer networks by scale, we get several main categories. The smallest network is PAN, as it connects personal devices themselves, and as the number of users grows, a local area network can be recognized, and campus area networks (CAN) connects several local networks located within some area like a university or a corporation. Computers connected to CAN share public educational materials and list of CAN network examples includes such prestigious universities like Stanford and Carnegie Mellon. This is an example of a computer network diagram created for a campus area network. It was created using using ConceptDraw solution for the Computer and Network diagramming. The specific of this sample campus network is its distribution. It is rather broad to embrace a big campus territory. This diagram can be applied as a template for designing custom area network topology diagram for a particular educational institution.
Picture: Campus Area Networks (CAN). Computer and Network Examples
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### Hybrid Network Topology

Every corporate network is unique, though there are guidelines and best practices in developing networks. As it is quite difficult to implement a pure topology within a company, using a hybrid network topology is considered a better solution. As a rule, such network assembles advantages and features of source topologies. This diagram is an example of the Hybrid network. This type of network topology means a conjunction of other network topologies. Such as star-bus, ring-mesh topologies, etc. It should be obviously diverse networks. The final computer network inherits both advantages and disadvantages of its ingredients. Using the ConceptDraw Computer and Networks solution including vector graphic libraries and templates one can develop professional custom network diagrams of any topology and complexity.
Picture: Hybrid Network Topology
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### Toroidal Network Topology

This sample was created in ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software using the Computer and Networks solution from Computer and Networks area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. This is example of the Toroidal network topology

Network topology is the topological structure of the computer network.
Picture: Toroidal Network Topology
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### Wide area network (WAN) topology. Computer and Network Examples

Studying informatics demands knowledge in the area of computer networks as well. The most famous world network, Internet, is an example of wide area network (WAN) topology that connects devices spread on any distance. Unlike other smaller networks that are limited to a building or to a campus, WAN is almost limitless. This WAN (wide area network) diagram was created in ConceptDraw PRO. It shows a telecommunication network that covers a large geographical area connecting several settlements. This type of networks is commonly used by business and government institutions. Using the WANs enables them quickly communicate information between remote geographical points. To reproduce this network diagram, you will need the means, provided by ConceptDraw Computer and Network Diagrams solution.
Picture: Wide area network (WAN) topology. Computer and Network Examples
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