This diagram example was redesigned from the Wikimedia Commons file: Operator hierarchy - natural hierarchy rearranged.gif.
The diagram shows rearrangement of the classical ecological/system hierarchy. From left to right the columns represent interaction systems, operators and internal differentiations (Gerard Jagers op Akkerhuis).
The diagram was published at page 249 of Jagers op Akkerhuis, G.A.J.M. (2010). The operator hierarchy: a chain of closures linking matter, life and artificial intelligence. PhD thesis Radboud university Nijmegen, the Netherlands: 286 pp.
The astronomic diagram example "Operator hierarchy - Natural hierarchy rearranged" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Astronomy solution from the Science and Education area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Rearrangement of the classical ecological/system hierarchy